How to solve Blood Relation Questions easily
The Reasoning section of every competitive exam includes
questions from the topic âBlood Relationsâ. This topic is considered to be
quiet important and every year a good number of questions are asked from this topic.
It is considered to be a very scoring topic. We are providing you with all the
important tools to solve blood relations questions.
How to solve Blood Relation Questions easily
Family or Blood Relationship means persons connected by relations like â
father-mother, son daughter, brother-sister,
grandfather-grandmother, uncle-aunty, nephew-niece, brother-in-law
sister-in-law etc. The list can go on and on adding members from fatherâs side
and motherâs side etc.
Questions in Test of Reasoning on Family /Blood Relationship
are about the relationship of a particular person with another person of the
family, based on the chain of relationships between other members of that
Family/Blood Relation Tests are an exercise to test the
candidateâs ability to comprehend and come to the crux of an issue from
complex, lengthy and unclear data.
âRamâ is the father of âKushaâ but âKushaâ is not his son.
âMalaâ is the daughter of âKushaâ.âShalakaâ is the spouse of âRamâ. âGopalâ is
the brother of âKushaâ. âHariâ is the son of âGopalâ. âMeenaâ is the spouse of
âGopalâ. âGanpatâ is the father of âMeenaâ. Who is the grand daughter of âRamâ?.
âMalaâ is the daughter of âKushaâ and âRamâ is the father of
âKushaâ. So, âMalaâ is the granddaughter of âRamâ. Hence, answer is (2) Mala.
Some Common Terms
Meaning of some terms often used in questions on family
relationship are given below:
a) Parent â Mother or father
b) Child â Son or daughter (even if an adult)
c) Sibling â Brother or sister (Including half brother and
half sister â one parent in common)
d) Spouse â Husband or wife
Aunt, Uncle, Niece and Nephew
Most English speakers use âuncleâ for any of four
relationships: fatherâs brother, motherâs brother, fatherâs sisterâs husband,
or motherâs sisterâs husband.
Again, âauntâ in English could mean fatherâs sister,
motherâs sister, fatherâs brotherâs wife, or motherâs brotherâs wife.
Brotherâs or sisterâs son is called nephew. Brotherâs or sisterâs
daughter is called niece.
Children of aunt or uncle are called cousins.
Relationships Involving the Term â-in-lawâ
Any relationship term ending with -in-law indicates that
the relationship is by marriage and not by blood. In other words, -in-law will
be a blood relative of the spouse.
In-law relationship terms are always written with hyphens.
And the plural is formed on the part before the â-in-lawâ;.
For example, âbrothers-in-lawâ and not âbrother-in-lawsâ.
The only exception is the general term âin-lawsâ, which is always plural.
Father-in-law, Mother-in-law, Son-in-law and Daughter-in-law
Father-in-law is the father of spouse; mother-in-law is the
mother of spouse. If parents get divorced and remarry, their new spouses are
called stepparents, not mother-in-law and father-in-law.
The husband of daughter is son-in-law; the wife of son is
daughter-in-law. If spouse has children from a previous marriage, those are
called stepchildren, not sons-in-law or daughters-in-law. The person is their
stepfather or stepmother, not their father-in-law or mother-in-law.
Brother-in-law and Sister-in-law
Brother-in-lawâ and âSister-in-lawâ each have two or three
meanings as follows:
a) Sister-in-law could be
i) The sister of spouse, or
ii) The wife of brother, or
iii) The wife of spouseâs brother.
b) Similarly, Brother-in-law could be
i) The brother of spouse, or
ii) The husband of sister, or
iii) The husband of spouseâs sister.
Relationships Involving the Terms âGrandâ and âGreatâ
The relationships of the second generation are prefixed
with the word Grand.
Similarly, for a person, the first generation above him
would be that of his/her parents (Father/ Mother). The next/second generation
above him/her would be the parents of the parents who would be called Grand
Parents/ Grand Father/ Grand Mother of that person. The next/ third generation
parents would be called Great Grand Parents/ Great Grand Father/ Great Grand
Mother of that person.
This also applies to the collateral relationships.
For example: Son of nephew of a person is called Grand
Nephew; Brother of Grand Father is called Grand Uncle and so on.
The fourth generation relationships are called Great Great
Grand. For example, Son of Great Grand Son is Great Great Grand Son.
There are two ways Martha could have a stepsister:
a) If Marthaâs mother marries second time, and her new
husband (Marthaâs new stepfather) already has a daughter from a previous
marriage, that daughter is Marthaâs stepsister because one of her parents is
married to one of Marthaâs parents.
b) If Marthaâs father marries second time, and his new wife
already has a daughter, that daughter is again Marthaâs stepsister.
Summary of Some Common Relationships
Summary of some common Relationships is given below in
Hereâs a short quiz based on the above facts for practicing.